Aquascope Facts

Sea currents in Swedish waters

In Swedish waters there is a complicated system of currents. Towards the Swedish west coast, a constant supply of salt water from the North Sea (=Nordsjön) is provided by the Jutland current. The water flows in an easterly direction past The Skaw (Skagen) in the Skagerrak. Upon contact with the coast it is predominently deflected to the north towards the Norwegian coast and thereafter returns to the North Sea and the Norwegian Sea (=Norska havet), while a small amount of this North Sea water turns to the south and enters the Kattegat. In the Kattegat, the cold, saltier and relatively heavy North Sea water meets the Baltic current with its lower salt content from the Baltic. In the Kattegat some of the saltier North Sea water is mixed with the more brackish Baltic water, while some it remains relatively unmixed and travels further south along the bottom. (Bottniska viken=Gulf of Bothnia, Finska viken=Gulf of Finland, Rigabukten=Gulf of Riga, Öresund=The Sound, Stora bält=Great Belt, Lilla bält=Little Belt)
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Bo Johannesson | Martin Larsvik | Lars-Ove Loo | Helena Samuelsson